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This definitive guide connects a diverse range of new and existing theories about the Anunnaki, while exploring their possible connection to humanity’s past, present, and future.
Over 6,000 years ago, the world’s first civilization, the Sumerians, were recording stories of strange celestial gods who they believed came from the heavens to create mankind. These gods, known as the Anunnaki, are often neglected by mainstream historians. The Sumerians themselves are so puzzling; scholars have described their origin as “The Sumerian Problem.”
With so little taught about the ancient Sumerians in our history books, alternative theories have emerged. This has led many to wonder, about the true story behind the Sumerians and their otherworldly gods, the Anunnaki. Lynn traces the evolution of these Mesopotamian gods throughout the Ancient Near East, analyzing the religion, myth, art, and symbolism of the Sumerians, investigating:
- Who are the Anunnaki?
- How accurate are the current Sumerian text translations, and how do we know for sure who to believe?
- Is there a connection between the Anunnaki and other ancient gods?
- Where are the Anunnaki now? Will their possible return spell the end of our world?
From the Publisher
From the Introduction
For the past two hundred years, ancient Egypt has captured our imaginations. Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria—an expedition that led to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone—set in motion a phenomenon known as Egyptomania. This widespread fascination with ancient Egypt swelled with Howard Carter’s discovery of King Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922. And Egyptomania is still recognizable in postmodern culture in everything from entertainment to architecture.
The Sumerians were truly exceptional in ways that you will discover throughout this book. They were so exceptional, that even academia has been haunted by unresolved questions about who the Sumerians really were and where in the world they came from.
With wide eyes, sharp features, intricately styled hair and beards, the Anunnaki are striking in appearance and larger than life. At times, they appear nonhuman. Their depictions, created around six thousand years ago, were crafted by a people of unknown nationality who came to Mesopotamia from an unknown land. To the Sumerians, these gods were the masters of earth and sky, having power over both life and death. Immortalized in stone, they look very different from the prehistoric deities which early humans appeared to regard as sacred before civilization. Rather than the simplicity of primitive cave art, these stone masterpieces convey a complex message of high culture and technological advancement. Is this how the gods of humankind’s first civilization really looked? What other physical attributes might they have had?
One example might be the Mesopotamian fish men called Oannes, who were part of a group of demigods called Abgal in Sumerian, or Apkallu, in Akkadian. According to the legend, these fish-human hybrids were wise gods or sages that came to teach humans the fundamentals of civilization—an idea we will revisit in chapter 6. These beings were said to have emerged from the water and took human form during the day among the people and then disappeared into the night.
Some researchers suggest these creatures were not truly amphibious humanoids, but rather ordinary humans wearing fish suits. The Chaldean scribe Berosus said of the Oannes that he had a fish head but also a second head. He also had both the feet of a man and the tail of a fish. He shared the language of man but ate no food. If taken literally, this creature sounds like an abomination. However, when looking at the surviving depictions of this monster, could it be that the Oannes is a man simply wearing a fishlike costume?
One of the more popular claims is that the Anunnaki were giants. Some of these theories are due in part to images like the Tablet of Shamash, on which a large seated figure of the god Shamash is offering the rod and ring (a symbol of power and justice) to a standing Hammurabi, the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, who reigned from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE.
According to the accounts on the Code of Hammurabi stele, a seven-foot piece of basalt now at the Louvre in Paris, Shamash, the god of justice and equity, gave the code of laws to Hammurabi. The stele states, “Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, on whom Shamash has conferred right (or law) am I” (Yale Law School: Code of Hammurabi, 2018) to establish who is in the picture.
Another strangely common theme for deities—and one of the most distinctive features of the gods of India—is blue skin. Blue-skinned gods have been found in Egypt and even in South America. Some researchers have claimed that the Anunnaki were also blue. Is the blue color of the skin simply an artistic element or could it mean something more? Let’s say for a moment that the gods could actually have blue skin. This could mean that the skin itself is not blue, but rather the blood. A fair-skinned human has a pinkish hue to the skin because human blood is red. If the skin of the gods seemed blue, could the blood of the gods have been blue? You have probably heard the old description “blue-blooded.” To be blue-blooded meant to be of noble origin. Representatives of aristocracy and royalty were said to have blue blood. Is the term blue blood just an out-of-date colloquialism denoting noble birth, or could the term refer to genetic ancestry?
The Anunnaki Connection: Sumerian Gods, Alien DNA, and the Fate of Humanity (From Eden to Armageddon)